Conceptual artist Adel Abdessemed, like William Lamson and Cai Guo-Qiang, creates situations based on deliberate actions—or “acts” as he calls them—carried out on everyday materials, which he documents with videos, photographs, and later juxtaposes with a sculptural remainder from the action itself.
Marina Abramović is perhaps the most famous performance artist working today. Employing duration, pain, danger, exhaustion, and viewer participation, she works at extremes as she complicates the relationship between art and audience.
Dissident artist Ai Weiwei is famous for conceptual artworks that challenge authority and explore the links between the contemporary world and traditional Chinese culture.
Jia Aili is a Chinese contemporary artist born in 1979 in Liaoning province, China. His pieces feature the dark side of human progress and warfare, including symbols like gas masks, industrial waste, the hammer and sickle sign, and mushroom clouds.
F. Moshiri & S. Aliabadi
Drawing equally from Eastern and Western traditions, Iranian artist Farhad Moshiri is best known for his technically exquisite, conceptually rich paintings.
The award-winning New Media artist Refik Anadol explores the potential of artificial intelligence, using machine-learning algorithms to transform vast datasets into highly sensory aesthetic experiences.
In his sculptures and installations, El Anatsui transforms simple, everyday objects into grand, totemic assemblages.
Donald Baechler, a member of the East Village art scene in 1980s New York, is known for his painting-collage-drawing works depicting of childhood imagery and nostalgic ephemera like grammar school primers, old maps, and children’s drawings, or purposely cliché motifs such as a skull, a rose, a globe, and a soccer ball.
A pioneering force in Conceptual art, John Baldessari transformed pop cultural and art historical iconography into meditations on image, language, appropriation, and authenticity.
Perhaps the most famous figure in street art working today, Banksy is known for urban interventions that demonstrate irreverent wit and a biting political edge.
Georg Baselitz’s raw, expressive paintings helped expand notions of figurative art in the mid–20th century.
Bernd and Hilla Becher
Bernd and Hilla Becher are best known for their austere, elegiac, and widely influential photographs of industrial architecture in their native Germany.
Renate Bertlmann has been challenging social constructs surrounding gender and sexuality in her photographs, collages, performances, and sculptures since the 1970s.
Widely regarded as the godfather of British Pop art and the Young British Artists movement, Peter Blake creates paintings, collages, and prints that blend modernity and nostalgia.
Adopting an Abstract Expressionist vernacular since the mid-1960s when he moved to New York, Frank Bowling paints in a unique style that draws from abstraction and his Guyanese heritage.
Maurizio Cattelan’s playful, provocative conceptual practice skewers the conventions of art, institutions, and contemporary value systems at large.
Christo became famous for his monumental collaborations with his wife and creative partner, Jeanne-Claude.
Brian Clarke was born in 1953 in Oldham, England. Even though he is widely considered the most important contemporary artist in stained glass practice, he has exercised with a wide range of different media: paint, sculpture, mosaic, drawing, collage, and tapestry among others.
In the 1960s, Chuck Close pioneered Photorealism with his monumental, exquisitely detailed portraits, whose subjects he took from photographic sources.
Turner Prize–winning sculptor Tony Cragg draws new connections between humans and the material world.
Tacita Dean creates photographs, films, and drawings that explore themes of chance, narrative, and time, often featuring nautical imagery and derelict spaces.
With colored paper and cardboard, Thomas Demand meticulously reconstructs interior scenes from photographs of historic events, sometimes at life-size scale, then photographs them.
Peter Doig’s serene, fantastical paintings feature kaleidoscope landscapes punctuated by enigmatic, partially obscured figures.
Olafur Eliasson uses technical devices and natural elements such as light, water, and fog to transform exhibition spaces into immersive, site-specific environments.
Tracey Emin’s poetic, confessional practice spans film, painting, neon, embroidery, drawing, installation, and sculpture.
Brian Eno is a British musician, composer, record producer and visual artist known as one of the main innovators of ambient music and generative painting.
Elger Esser’s pale, luminous landscape photographs, which are almost entirely unpeopled and frequently feature a straight, low horizon line, have been compared to both early-19th-century photography and Dutch landscape paintings of the 17th century.
Born 1973 in Khamis Mushait where he use to live and work. In 1992 Gharem graduated from the King Abdulaziz Academy before attending The Leader Institute in Riyadh.
Young British Artist Liam Gillick is primarily interested in analyzing structures, social organizations, and human interaction.
Throughout his diverse practice—spanning photography, video, performance, sound, and text-based work—Douglas Gordon recontextualizes familiar images and artworks, distorting time, language, and other aesthetic aspects to challenge viewers’ perception, expectation, and memory.
In sculptures, installations, and public artworks, Antony Gormley considers the relationship between time, space, and the human body.
Conceptual art pioneer Wang Guangle was born in 1976 and studied at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing, where he started exploring the potential of texture and painting surfaces, which later translated into his minimalist monochrome painting practice.
Peter Halley is a painter and printmaker born in New York in 1953. Associated with the Minimalist, Neo-Geo, and Neo-Conceptualist movements, he is best known for his brightly colored geometric abstractions, which he started painting in the 1980s and which he calls “prisons” and “cells”.